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Vincenzo Fogliano » 11.Dietary fibre: structure and properties


Dietary fibre

Role of the enzyme. Gut bacterial and human body in symbiosis. Dietary requirement recommendations.

Role of the enzyme. Gut bacterial and human body in symbiosis. Dietary requirement recommendations.


Dietary fibre: classification and properties

Soluble and insoluble dietary fibre.

Molecular weight.

Type of monosaccharides.

Configuration of glycosidic bond.


The role of inter and intra molecular H-bond

More interaction with water for soluble. More interactions inside the polymer for insoluble .

More interaction with water for soluble. More interactions inside the polymer for insoluble .


Three examples of dietary fibre

  1. Emicellulose
  2. Pectin
  3. Inulin

Cereal dietary fibre: emicellulose

Dietary fibre presence in the  various layer of the seeds particularly in those of the bran.

Dietary fibre presence in the various layer of the seeds particularly in those of the bran.


Cereal dietary fibre: emicellulose

Emicellulose is made of arabinoxylan.

Linear polyXilane beta 1-4 bonds branched with arabinose.

Xilanase to favour leavening of wholewheat bread.


Fruit dietary fibre: pectins

Pectins are the main dietary fibre in fruits.

Pectins are polymer of galacturonic acid differently methylated.

Solubility, ripening effect and processing effect.


Soluble dietary fibre: inulin

Inulin is a polymer of fructose with β 2-1 bonds.

The first residue is glucose.

Inulin is present in chicory roots with a polymerization degree of around 50.


Soluble dietary fibre: inulin

Inulin has largely been replaced by FOS (fructo oligo saccharides) obtained from enzymatic cleavage of inulin.

Short fragments are even more soluble and ferment more rapidly than inulin.

Short chain and long chain FOS are used for different technological purposes.


Soluble dietary fibre: inulin

scFOS can be produced by fermentation from sucrose. They are cheap and have always glucose as first residue and this ensure the highest prebiotic function.

scFOS can be produced by fermentation from sucrose. They are cheap and have always glucose as first residue and this ensure the highest prebiotic function.


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